International Journal of applied mathematics and computer science

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Paper details

Number 3 - September 2021
Volume 31 - 2021

Fitting a Gaussian mixture model through the Gini index

Adriana Laura López-Lobato, Martha Lorena Avendaño-Garrido

A linear combination of Gaussian components is known as a Gaussian mixture model. It is widely used in data mining and pattern recognition. In this paper, we propose a method to estimate the parameters of the density function given by a Gaussian mixture model. Our proposal is based on the Gini index, a methodology to measure the inequality degree between two probability distributions, and consists in minimizing the Gini index between an empirical distribution for the data and a Gaussian mixture model. We will show several simulated examples and real data examples, observing some of the properties of the proposed method.

Gini index problem, Gaussian mixture model, clustering.