International Journal of applied mathematics and computer science

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Paper details

Number 3 - September 2020
Volume 30 - 2020

Classification of high resolution satellite images using improved U-Net

Yong Wang, Dongfang Zhang, Guangming Dai

Satellite image classification is essential for many socio-economic and environmental applications of geographic information systems, including urban and regional planning, conservation and management of natural resources, etc. In this paper, we propose a deep learning architecture to perform the pixel-level understanding of high spatial resolution satellite images and apply it to image classification tasks. Specifically, we augment the spatial pyramid pooling module with image-level features encoding the global context, and integrate it into the U-Net structure. The proposed model solves the problem consisting in the fact that U-Net tends to lose object boundaries after multiple pooling operations. In our experiments, two public datasets are used to assess the performance of the proposed model. Comparison with the results from the published algorithms demonstrates the effectiveness of our approach.

satellite image classification, deep learning, U-Net, spatial pyramid pooling