International Journal of applied mathematics and computer science

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Paper details

Number 1 - March 2016
Volume 26 - 2016

Efficient RGB-D data processing for feature-based self-localization of mobile robots

Marek Kraft, Michał Nowicki, Rudi Penne, Adam Schmidt, Piotr Skrzypczyński

The problem of position and orientation estimation for an active vision sensor that moves with respect to the full six degrees of freedom is considered. The proposed approach is based on point features extracted from RGB-D data. This work focuses on efficient point feature extraction algorithms and on methods for the management of a set of features in a single RGB-D data frame. While the fast, RGB-D-based visual odometry system described in this paper builds upon our previous results as to the general architecture, the important novel elements introduced here are aimed at improving the precision and robustness of the motion estimate computed from the matching point features of two RGB-D frames. Moreover, we demonstrate that the visual odometry system can serve as the front-end for a pose-based simultaneous localization and mapping solution. The proposed solutions are tested on publicly available data sets to ensure that the results are scientifically verifiable. The experimental results demonstrate gains due to the improved feature extraction and management mechanisms, whereas the performance of the whole navigation system compares favorably to results known from the literature.

visual odometry, simultaneous localization and mapping, RGB-D, tracking, point features